Brookman, F, Pike, S., & Maguire, E. R. (2019). Dancing around Miranda: The effects of legal reform on homicide detectives in the US and the UK. Criminal Law Bulletin, 55(5), 725-763.


Drawing upon qualitative data gathered during fieldwork at homicide units in the USA and UK, this paper explores how detectives in both settings have responded to legal reforms intended to protect suspects’ rights. Our analyses reveal that homicide detectives in the USA routinely engage in procedures intended to circumvent these rights, typically to enhance the likelihood of eliciting a confession. We explore, in particular, the tactics adopted by detectives in the USA to circumvent suspects’ Miranda rights immediately prior to and during the interrogation of homicide suspects. We discuss how and why detectives in the USA and UK, two nations with “adversarial” legal systems, appear to have responded differently to legal reforms designed to enhance suspects’ rights during interviews and interrogations (Miranda in 1966 and the Police and
Criminal Evidence Act of 1984).

Year: 2019
Language: English
Type: Journal article
Topic: Criminal investigation, Forensic science, Policing, Violent crime
Methodologies: Qualitative analysis