Maguire, E.R., Willis, J.A., Snipes, J., and Gantley, M. (2008). “Spatial Concentrations of Violence in Trinidad and Tobago.” Caribbean Journal of Criminology and Public Safety, 13(1&2): 44-83.
The idea of spatial concentrations of crime –often referred to as “hot spots”– has had a fundamental influence on both theories of crime as well as the practice of crime prevention. Several criminological theories serve as an intellectual foundation for the hot spots literature, each suggesting causal pathways through which crime is likely to become spatially concentrated. These theories have been primarily established, tested, and refined in the United States and other developed nations. We begin by briefly reviewing theory and research on spatial concentrations of crime. Next we present findings on spatial concentrations of homicides in Trinidad and Tobago, a small-island developing nation in the eastern Caribbean. We then focus our analysis on a subset of high-crime police station districts, showing how even within high-crime areas, violence still tends to be concentrated in smaller, micro-level crime places. We conclude by discussing the implications of our analysis for theory, research, and policy.
Type: Journal article
Topic: Violent crime, Policing, Gangs, Caribbean criminology